The Royal College of Surgeons of England are a member of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) and expect all members of our Board to uphold the ethical standards and integrity described in their guidelines. RCS Journals will pursue cases of suspected research and publication misconduct (including falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, inappropriate image manipulation, redundant publication and authorship misdemeanours). In such cases, we will follow the processes set out in the COPE flowcharts. Authors found guilty of misconduct can expect their behaviour to be reported to the head of the relevant institution, and if appropriate, a retraction, an expression of concern or a correction may be issued. If you have concerns regarding the legitimacy of an article published in any of the RCS England journals, please report it to [email protected] and it will be investigated with due diligence by the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board.

The Royal College of Surgeons of England will retain copyright of all published material and reserves the right to re-use any such material in any print and/or electronic format.

The use of animals in research

The Royal College of Surgeons of England is a member of the Association of Medical Research Charities (AMRC) and supports the AMRC position statement on the use of animals in research.